Covid-related international travel restrictions continue to ease.

Anguilla, a small British overseas territory in the eastern Caribbean, is preparing to ease pandemic-related travel restrictions, following the lead of dozens of countries that have dropped testing and vaccination requirements, eager to rebuild tourism and their economies.

This month, the British Virgin Islands, Belize and Australia also eased visitor requirements. And most of the world’s countries are now open to visitors from the United States, which in June lifted its testing requirement for arriving travelers.

Some countries that closed their borders to tourists at the start of the pandemic have lifted travel requirements entirely, including the UK, Iceland and Sweden.

The change comes even as the Omicron subvariant, known as BA.5, has led to a surge in cases in the United States, Western Europe, Japan, Australia and other countries. However, this has mostly happened without a commensurate jump in deaths, which experts attribute to more widely available vaccines and treatments for Covid-19, as well as at least some immunity provided by previous infections.

Erica Richter, vice president of communications at the American Society of Travel Advisors, a trade group, said travel continues to increase as more countries lift restrictions. In the United States, travel is approaching pre-pandemic levels, according to Transportation Security Administration checkpoint metrics.

“Since the start of the pandemic, we’ve seen passengers wanting to travel jump through hoops; they were going to do what it took to travel and make that trip,” Ms. Richter said. “As more countries lift their restrictions, more people who may have been on the fence and may not have been in that ‘I’ll do whatever it takes’ category are now in the ‘Let’s go’ category.

Travel restrictions increased at the start of the pandemic as nations tried to keep the coronavirus and its variants at bay. But many of them ended up falling short of the virus’s ability to spread and mutate.

“Travel restrictions make sense when there’s a big difference between prevalence and risk when you travel between points A and B,” William Hannage, an epidemiologist at the Harvard TH Chan School of Public Health, told The New York Times last month when The United States has removed its testing requirement for arriving passengers. “If there’s not much difference, then they’re not very valuable,” he said.

As the summer travel season begins, even more countries are lifting restrictions.

Anguilla’s health ministry said in a statement last week that as of Aug. 8, the Caribbean island will no longer require vaccinated travelers to provide a negative coronavirus test prior to travel. Unvaccinated travelers who were previously not allowed to enter the country will be able to visit from August 8 if they provide a negative coronavirus test before departure.

Last week, the British Virgin Islands removed all its testing requirements and said arriving passengers would no longer be screened for the coronavirus. Previously, all visitors over the age of 5, regardless of their vaccination status, had to present a negative coronavirus test taken within 48 hours of arrival.

Belize last week also removed its requirement that visitors provide a negative coronavirus test or proof of vaccination. Foreign tourists are no longer required to show proof that they have purchased travel insurance in Belize.

Earlier this month, Australia, which was completely closed to foreign tourists in the early years of the pandemic, lifted its requirements to vaccinate visitors after it had already lifted its testing rule. States or territories in Australia may have their own testing and quarantine requirements, and face masks are still required on flights to and from the country.

The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention provides a four-tiered ranking of the risk of the coronavirus in other countries, with the highest “Level 4” ranking for countries that have “special circumstances,” including a threat of health care infrastructure collapse and an extremely high number of cases the count. The CDC list currently has no countries listed.

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